Many faces of Compatibilism

Galen Strawson outlines at least seven ways to be a compatibilist, where D is determinism, and F is free will:

  1. that D is true, that D does not imply that we are unfree, but that we are in fact unfree.
  2. that D is true, that D does not imply that we are unfree, but that it has not been shown whether or not we are free.
  3. that D is true, and that we are free.
  4. that D is true, that we are free, and that our being free requires that D be true.
  5. that D may or may not be true, but that we are in any case free.
  6. that D is not true, but that we are free, and would be free even if D were true.
  7. that D is not true, that we are not free, but that F is none the less compatible with D.

There are several other compatibilist possibilities (obtained by variously combining belief in and uncertainty about the truth and falsity of F and D).

Strawson, Galen. Freedom and Belief

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